Theme: Heaven and Earth P2 - When Heaven Meets Earth

In this episode, we discuss why God's space and our space was torn apart, Cherubim, the prophetic hope for new creation, and how Jesus saw himself as a new temple.

Episode 2
Feb 4, 2016
Play Episode
Show Notes

In this episode, Tim and Jon continue their discussion from last time about what it means for God to be in “the heavens” and transcend humans. They’ll go a little bit deeper and talk about what it looks like for God’s space and human space to overlap. The biblical story begins with the mingling of these two spaces, and it was only after human rebellion that they became separated. The guys take a look at what Scripture says about heaven and earth and the future hope that one day God’s presence will permeate all of creation again.

In the first part of the episode (02:19-19:43), the guys discuss the imagery of cherubim in the Bible. The picture that most of us have of cherubim––chubby babies with wings––is pretty far off from what the Bible is trying to tell us about God’s heavenly space. Eden was a picture of God’s ideal––human and heavenly space intermingling––and Jesus is a representation of that. In fact, you can’t separate Jesus from God’s presence and holiness. There are little explosions of Eden everywhere that Jesus goes.

In the second part of the episode (20:11-24:34), the guys talk about the concept of resurrection and new creation. The redemption of creation that is promised is completely wrapped up in the idea of God’s presence once again filling human spaces.

In the last part of the episode (25:08-36:58), Tim and Jon look at the symbolism behind temples in the Bible. Kings built temples as symbols of hope for restoring God’s presence among his people, but Jesus declared that he was the new temple and God’s bodily presence on earth.

Video: This episode is designed to accompany our video called, “Heaven & Earth.” You can view it on our youtube channel here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zy2AQlK6C5k

Book References:

"The Resurrection of the Son of God" by N.T. Wright

Scripture References:

Genesis 1-2, Isaiah 2, Isaiah 11, Psalm 73, Isaiah 26, Daniel 12, Ezekiel 37

Show Music:

Defender Instrumental by Rosasharn Music; Blue Skies by Unwritten Stories; Flooded Meadows by Unwritten Stories

Scripture References
John 1:14
Isaiah 2:4
Genesis 3:24
Psalms 49:15
Isaiah 65:17-18
Joel 3:17-18
Ezekiel 47:1
Mark 1:12-13
Daniel 12:2-3

Podcast Date: February 04, 2016(36.53)

Speakers in the audio file:

Jon Collins Tim Mackie


Jon: Hey, this is Jon Collins, and this is part two where we talk with Tim Mackey, PhD about heaven. In the last episode, we talked about how the Hebrew language, the word "heavens" is always plural and it always refers to the sky, and it is assigned as a place where God's presence dwells.

Tim: Biblical authors will use the sky as a way of talking about the nature of God space - that it's high, it's transcendent, it's authoritative. That's where he sees everything.

Jon: But in biblical thought, God's presence isn't only in the sky.

Tim: We know that they believed that God's presence was accessible here on Earth, His throne in heaven overlapped with earth.

Jon: In fact, the whole point of creation is for God's space and our space to be united.

Tim: And in the story of the Bible, it begins with God's face completely overlapping with human space. That's the ideal. That's the whole point.

Jon: That's the whole point but it is in our reality right now. And so, in Hebrew thought, in biblical thought, there was still a place where you can find God's presence, where God's presence overlaps with ours. And that's the temple.

Tim: Temples are the pointers to the reality that God's presence should, ought to, and will one day once again permeate all His world just like it was back in the ideal. It raises the question, well, where did it go? Why isn't it everywhere anymore? That is how this whole set of concepts is a really cool way of looking at the story of the whole Bible as the story of the reunion of heaven and earth.

Jon: So here we go, part two of a three-part conversation on heaven. Thanks for joining us. Here we go.


Jon: The story of the Bible begins, and we have Adam and Eve and we have God in the Garden of Eden. So where humans live and where God dwells, that's the same space. There's no distinction. So God's space and our space are completely overlapped. But then there's a schism. Something happens. So what's the story there?

Tim: The story is that heaven and earth, God's space and human space overlapped in the garden when humans rebelled, and so found themselves banished from God's space and they live in the world where they die and horrible things happen and people do horrible things to each other.

We explored this in the video, just in terms of the rebellion of humanity is what disqualifies them.

Jon: So the rebellion, the vision, can we talk about how God put a Sphinx thing in front of the garden?

Tim: Oh, that's interesting. Okay. The idea is after the humans rebel against God, rebel against His command and so on, they don't drive God out of the world. What they are is banished out of the garden where heaven and earth overlap, out into a place where God's presence isn't immediately accessible.

The guardian, that boundary line is called keruvim or Cherubim in English, how we refer to them. Keruvim, which in the Hebrew Bible are not human-like figures. They might have some human features, but always mixed together with animal-like features. So they have wings, but they are not people with wings.

There are no human figures with wings in the Bible. That's strange mutant that appeared somewhere later in medieval church history. All of the winged figures that are connected with God's presence in the Bible are a mix of animal, and sometimes they have like human hands or some part of the human face, but not a human body or feet or anything like that.

What these creatures are have parallels among Israel's neighbors about these animal-like, multiform, multi animal-like creatures that are guardians of the divine space. And so the Sphinx is one of those. It's the guardian of the king's burial chambers that are the pyramids, and so, it's a lion-like figure, but with one of the pharaohs heads. And we know these figures like the Assyrian lamassu statue is of a—

Jon: An ox.
Tim: I think it's a lion's body but with the Kings head. Jon: And some wings.

Tim: And some wings. Yeah, wings. The way that the cherubim are described in the temple is, also have these multiform animal-like creatures that have wings. Ezekiel's vision—

Jon: And they're in the holy place.

Tim: They are over the ark. They shadow the ark. There's a few places in the Psalms where God has said "to dwell above the keruvim or the one who is enthroned above the keruvim. So yeah, that's what these creatures are. So when Adam and Eve are banished from God's presence, right there is a figure who the Israelites would know the figure associated with God's presence in the temple.

Jon: Let's talk about the Sphinx then in Egypt. In what way was it actually guarding the tomb? Because it's just a statue. It's not going to get me if I tried to go in and steal the king's body or something.

Tim: I mean, it's symbolism. To that point again, was it just a symbol?

Jon: They knew that there was some protection around this temple, and they symbolized it with these statues?

Tim: Correct.

Jon: Which would seem really amazing. I mean, I can imagine walking up to one and being like, "Whoa, this is intense."

Tim: Very impressive.

Jon: Very impressive?

Tim: Yes. The Sphinx still today is extremely impressive. It's very profound thing. You're also looking at it with a thousand other people, cameras and so on kind of diminishes—

Jon: Taking the best photo ever of the Sphinx.

Tim: That's right. But imagine being just yourself and a few other people walking up to the pyramids and you have to pass on the road this enormous, intimidating creature. There's symbolism of different kinds of creatures. It's as if all creation is standing guardian of the Creator space. I mean, it's transcendent. It's a gateway to the most important thing in the world.

Many cultures have a concept of the divine space being marked by a boundary where you meet some animal line protector creature. It's very interesting.

Jon: Did you ever watch "The Neverending Story" growing up?

Tim: Dude, I was just about to bring it up.

Jon: Really?

Tim: Yeah. It's those two statues and then they're lasers shoot out and destroy anybody who passes.

Jon: Yeah, they're like guardians, right?
Tim: Yeah.
Jon: Those things, man. I remember as a kid just being...

Tim: There's something of that idea in the Garden of Eden because the keruvim guarding the Garden of Eden has a flashing sword. A sword that's flashing.

Jon: Yeah, these things have massive wings, and they're kind of like a woman slashing leopard - or I don't know what.

Tim: Yeah. Those are totally keruvim-like figures and they guard the divine presence.

Jon: So if I were an ancient Israelite, and I was like, "Hey, how did this all start?" you'd be like, "Well, there's a garden, Eden." And it's out there somewhere. I mean, because if you go try to find it, if you happen to run into it, you're going to run into a keruvim? How do you pronounce it?

Tim: Keruvim.

Jon: Keruvim. There's going to be this keruvim there with a flaming sword and it's not going to let you pass. And then I'd be like, "Whoa, that sounds intense."

Tim: This is somehow related into the idea of God's holiness as being powerful and good and also dangerous at the same time.

Jon: It's super good and it's a great place.
[crosstalk 00:09:12]
Tim: ...life, but if you can go in there on your terms— Jon: This thing's going to destroy you.
Tim: It won't be good for you.

Jon: You can't even get it.

Tim: Just like I don't get to determine the terms of my relationship to the sun. The sun's really good. I'm really happy for it, but I can't—

Jon: "Let's keep it a couple of million miles away.

Tim: Yeah, fly a million miles to it and not wear sunscreen and think that everything's going to be fine. So these images are getting at this idea of the transcendent otherness of God as holy, and the Creator.

Jon: So whether or not someone back then really was like, "Oh, man, I could actually run into this place or not," or they're like, "Oh, I get it. That's a rich metaphor for something," regardless of that, that's the image and it's pretty intense.

I mean, you can imagine, like, let's say you're lived back then and you show up in Egypt. You've never been there before and you run into this thing. That's the first time you've ever seen it and just didn't know it was there. That'd be so intense. You'd be like, "Whoa." And you go back and you tell stories about how intense this thing was.

I mean, it isn't that ridiculous to have a story about if you go and find this place it's guarded by this crazy creature.

Tim: Yeah, little slayer. It actually doesn't say the sword...Hold on. Let me just see if I remember correctly.

Jon: Is it lightsaber? Is it Hebrew for lightsaber?

Tim: Yeah. There's no mention of the keruvim holding the sword. It just says, "He placed there on the side of the garden, keruvim and a flaming sword that was flashing back and forth." In Hebrew, it's the word turnover. It doesn't even say there's anybody holding the sword. So it's this idea of a sword floating there, spinning around doing like ninja moves by the entrance so that you can't pass it.

Jon: That sounds gnarly.

Tim: It's like a really intense miniature golf obstacle.

Jon: I think I know the plot for the next "Mission Impossible." It's about Tom Cruise is got to get through there.

Tim: Yeah.

Jon: He could do it?

Tim: Yeah, I bet he could. I bet he could. Like ballet.

Jon: So, all to say, that was the vision of heaven, God's presence, guarded by a flaming sword and the cherubim. Keruvim. I'll get there. I'll just do it in English. Cherubim.

Tim: Just do that. Do it that way. You speak English.

Jon: I speak English. It's cherubim. That's a weird word too.

Tim: It is. The problem is that that word makes you think of the tiny plump naked babies with wings.

Jon: Yeah, I know. Keruvim.
Tim: And that's definitely a mutant.
Jon: A mutant creation. A cute one. Tim: Yeah. Nothing like that in the Bible.

Jon: And then so we've got this picture of Eden being God's presence. We've got this picture of the skies above this dome. That was the understanding back then. That's what God's presence is. And then we have this idea of the temple, this place here on earth is very special location, a hotspot where God's presence is.

But then Solomon would be like, "Yeah, but it's not like God can really be here fully." And when Isaiah has the vision, half of them's there, half of them's not there. And then God's like, "Look, I'm everywhere."

Tim: Yeah, there's an acknowledgement that the temple is itself one huge, elaborate symbol, a pointer to the fact that God's purpose is for His personal presence to fill and permeate the whole of creation as it once did or was supposed to, and as it will again, one day in the future.

So all of the key passages in the prophets that point to the hope of the world, it's not of people leaving Earth and going up to God space. It's the opposite. It's of God space coming to fully overlap with earth. So Isaiah 65, where's the first mentions of the phrase new heaven and earth, God says, "I'm going to create a new heavens and earth."

Jon: A new sky and a new land?

Tim: Yeah, a new sky and new land. So a new or whole new order. "Because the former thing is the order of the world as we knew it won't be remembered. But be glad and rejoice forever in what I will create. I will create Jerusalem to be a delight and its people enjoy.

Modern Western readers were like, "Wait, is he creating a new creation or is he creating a new city in Jerusalem?" But in the biblical imagination, those are the same thing because the Jerusalem temple is itself an image of joining of heaven and earth. And that's where the God of Israel's presence uniquely was. And so it's so to speak the epicenter where the new creation will emanate out of. So the Jerusalem temple and the new creation is joined together in the prophets.

So at the conclusion of the book of Joel, you have this image of "I the LORD your God will dwell in Zion, my holy hill."

Jon: Zion being Jerusalem?

Tim: Zion is another name for the mount where the temple was. My holy hill. Jerusalem will be holy, foreigners won't invade it anymore. In that day, the mountains will drip with wine and the hills will flow with milk. The ravines will run with water, a fountain will flow out of the temple, the Lord's house." It's all this garden of Eden imagery where you had out of Eden was a river was the fountainhead or a river goes out, and there's wine and milk just flowing out of there.

Jon: There was no wine and milk in Eden, right?

Tim: This is imagery of garden imagery. "Hills flowing with milk" it's a metaphor of abundance. Hills don't flow with milk and animals who eat the grass on the hills.

Jon: That would be pretty crazy if there was just milk flowing out of the hills. Tim: Yeah.
Jon: But this is poetry.
Tim: It's poetry, yeah. So superabundance.

Jon: Superabundant.

Tim: Food for everyone just flows out of creation with no effort as a good divine gift. Which it doesn't normally. It just does that at a slower pace. So these are Joel 2, Isaiah 65. Ezekiel 47 has the stream emerging out of God's temple, and it goes down to the Dead Sea, the most barren spot on planet earth, and it fills it with life and green trees and so on.

So all of these passages connect the hope of for our world in temple language and Garden of Eden language.

Jon: So when the heaven and earth unite when God's space comes down and its fullness, there's just abundance. The food, the wine, the water, there's an abundance of it.

Tim: Yeah. People who live in super-developed countries—

Jon: They have an abundance of water.

Tim: Yeah. So I say that again.

Jon: Like I just turn on a faucet and I have abundance of water, especially in Portland. Maybe in California, there's drought there.

Tim: Yeah, right. Many, not all, Americans, many Americans have access to abundant food. Even if they can't always afford it, it's there and available.

Jon: It's there. You go to the market and you're like, "Whoa, look, at all this food."

Tim: So these images does strike people who live in those kinds of cultures with near the effect.

Jon: Where you're scrounging for water and food, and if there was an abundance, that would be great.

Tim: Yeah, totally. I think of parts of the world where water is very scarce and where food is very scarce. These images would be otherworldly to you. So yeah, superabundance of creation is the Garden of Eden imagery. So, the point is that the hope is not for humans to go somewhere else. It's for God—

Jon: It's not like, "Hey, you know, life is rough. This really stinks. But you know what? One day you're going to go to this new place, and things are going to be great, everyone you love is going to be there." That was never the narrative.

The narrative was one-day God will come here in a new way. Life is rough, it's always hard to find food, and there's poverty, and there's injustice, and there's all of these horrible things, violence, but that's all going to be reversed and there's going to be an abundance. That's place going to be here.

Tim: Yeah, that's right. Right. If you can read these passages in context, they're always joined to other images of God confronting evil and injustice among the nations and making that all right. No more war. Like Isaiah 2, people turn their swords and spears into plowshares and pruning hooks for gardening instruments.

Jon: The war instruments they turn them into gardening instruments.

Tim: Yeah, that's right. There's no more war. There's peace. Isaiah 11, creation produces its superabundance because there's peace among the nations and peace among creation. So even the most violent creatures in creations, lions and lambs and snakes and children all coexist in peace.

Just the visceral sense, there's something wrong with the world. There's something wrong with me. It's out of order. There's an ancient motif about human relationships to animals that somehow we know that's out of whack too and that rift will be healed. Part of our relationship to creation will be healed. That's hinted at in one of the gospels. It's very interesting.

Jon: Oh, really?

Tim: Yeah. When Jesus comes, and he goes out to the wilderness after his baptism, Mark, includes a little detail that he was there with the beasts, it says. So he's out there in the wilderness with beasts. Many interpreters think that's a garden illusion of Adam with the animals. So where Jesus goes, there's little explosions of Eden surrounding him. It's very cool.


Jon: So we're up to the prophets. At this point in the Bible, if you were to ask, "Are you going to go to heaven when you die?" The look back would be this blank stare of like, "You're going to go to the sky when you die?"

Tim: No, this is the opposite direction.

Jon: You're going to go on the ground when you die. But won't my spirit, go to the sky? And then just be like—

Tim: "What? You must be a Canaanite. You must not have ever read in the Hebrew scriptures."

Jon: "You don't know the Bible." But what about resurrection? This might be a complete tangent.

Tim: Yeah. Here's what we can say. In the history of the development of the Scriptures and of the prophets and their reflections on the scriptures, there emerged a conviction. That because God was the Creator of the world, and because the world has been so messed up by humans, that God's going to have to recreate and make new His world and not abandon it.

And so, if God is going to do that, that means His love and His commitment to humans who are Earthlings also needs to somehow go beyond the grave, and redeem even the grave. And so—

Jon: You will redeem my life from the grave.

Tim: Yeah. The Psalms are filled with metaphors of God rescuing me from a hard time in life, but they use the language of "rescuing me from the grave." Then there are Psalms 49, 73 that even begin to press these metaphors into reality, almost where God is the only one who could redeem a person from death. The author of Psalm 73 hopes for such a thing, that he'll redeem me.

And then Isaiah 26, Daniel 12, all those images become a reality and a hope that the prophets believe that when God comes back to make all things new, that those who have put their hope in Him will be reimbursed to live in the new creation.

There are two passages where it clearly appears. One is Isaiah chapter 26 and the other is Daniel chapter 12. And then a famous image of resurrection in Ezekiel, the valley of dry bones, there is an extended metaphor to describe God recreating His covenant people who are spiritually dead sitting in exile. And if they're ever going to love and follow him, he's going to have to send his Spirit to literally make new humans.

But that's the image of Israel's restoration. It's one of these things where the metaphor almost becomes the reality. Kind of like the way CS Lewis I think thought of Christianity is the true myth - the myth that is the true one to which all the other myths point. These images of God redeeming my life from the grave become a reality and hope for the prophets.

If you're interested in that really great book is the comprehensive study of resurrection by NT Wright called "The Resurrection of the Son of God." You'll learn more about ancient beliefs, about what happens when you die in Greece, and Rome and ancient Israel. But it's so interesting how these ideas have developed.

Jon: So in Jerusalem, you got the Mount of Olives, and there's a ton of graves there.

Tim: Oh, today? Jon: Today. Tim: Yeah.

Jon: And it's like premium real estate to get buried as a Jew because the belief is there would be some sort of resurrection.

Tim: Yes. The idea of humans being recreated to a new kind of existence to inhabit this world forever and ever is a uniquely Jewish idea, Israelite Jewish idea that in Christianity inherited and developed because of Jesus's resurrection. But yeah, it's speaking a foreign language in the ancient world. The idea was mocked.

Jon: Oh, this idea that you'd be resurrected?

Tim: Yeah, it's like, "What an absurd idea." Still is today. It's hard to believe.

Jon: Oh, yeah. Oh, really is. I mean, I can't wait till we talk about resurrection. I don't know when it's going to be but I just have a thousand questions.

Tim: The resurrection is bound up with this idea of the new creation.


Jon: To summarize the Old Testament story so far through this theme, heaven and earth were unified in the Garden of Eden - God's space in our space together. We rebelled and there was this schism, this division, and now we don't have access to God's space. In fact, it's protected in this very amazing way. But there are still temples, hotspots, where God's presence is.

Tim: And those temples pointed to a future hope that once again God's space and human space will overlap, and everything will be healed. That's what the prophets hope for.

Jon: And that hope was also referred to as the kingdom of God?

Tim: Yes, because using heaven as the image of God's space is connected to his rule. God is enthroned above the heavens and He sees what people do. So the hope is that one-day God's space and rule will fully overlap and permeate all of creation.

And so, when Jesus comes onto the scene and does what he does, he's introduced to us by the New Testament authors with language and imagery that's all drawn from this heaven temple Garden of Eden set of ideas.

The gospel of John presents Jesus as the Logas, as the Word, God second self that God uttered to bring about all of creation. And then John says in chapter 1, verse 14 that that word became a human flesh and it dwelt among us.

We did highlight this in the video because that word is the word for tabernacle.

Jon: Tabernacle.

Tim: The tabernacle. It's a reference to the...

Jon: God's Word has the power to create with authority. Is that what they're referring to? The creative act of speaking, creation into being - became a human and that human is God's tabernacle amongst us.

Tim: Yeah, it's God's very royal personal temple presence as a human.
Jon: So, you read the first two verses of John, or is that just verse one, and— Tim: You read the opening paragraph—
[crosstalk 00:27:43]
Jon: ...with like, what the heck?
Tim: Yeah, it's a very tall claim being made about Jesus right there.
Jon: Right there you're scandalizing the Jews.

Tim: And you're scandalizing Greeks. The idea that anything is eternal and divine would become human is offensive and ridiculous. And then that's the same chapter where Jesus then describes himself as the ramp of Jacob's dream. So John chapter 1 is just shot through with all of this heaven and earth temple imagery.

The way that the other gospels, Matthew, Mark, and Luke do it is through Jesus' announcement that the kingdom of God or in Matthew, the Kingdom of heaven has arrived in and through him and what he's doing. It's a way of talking about God's rule and reign. But God's presence in heaven always had those connections of God's authority and rule and Kingdom. And so the whole point is that God's Heavenly Kingdom is now becoming an earthly reality in and through Jesus.

And for Jesus to make those claims in a time where the Jerusalem temple still existed, and like think of Jesus riding into Jerusalem and everybody is like, "You're the Messiah, it's the kingdom of God, prophet," and then he marches into Jerusalem, the first thing he does is go to the temple and pull this stunt, which itself as a prophetic symbol I think did a lot of things at the same time showing Jesus opposition to the leaders who allowed the market to be in the temple courts. It's also Jesus exercising authority in the place of Israel's leadership.

So the kings build temples, David, Solomon, and then Herod and Jesus is shutting down the sacrificial system by cutting off the supply of animals. He's acting like he owns the temple. Then in John's version of the account, he just says, "Destroy this temple and I'll raise it up again in three days." And they're like, "What? It took us four decades to do it." And then John tells us, "No. Actually, Jesus was talking about his body." That's another development of the Jesus as the temple.

So Jesus' action in the temple and then his predictions to follow that the temple would be destroyed, the image about Jesus is crucifixion, the curtain of the temple being ripped. So there's a lot of bad stuff being said about or happening to the temple through Jesus.

This idea that the temple under the leadership of Israel had become corrupt and distorted, instead of being the meeting place of heaven on earth, Jesus said it's now a den of thieves and robbers. So he claimed to replace it, and to rebuild the temple in the form of his own resurrected body, and then his body, the community of his followers who will become the new meeting place of heaven and earth.

So it's with Jesus that this idea of the new temple being not a building, like the prophets described in their poetry, but a community of people who are the reality to which the building always pointed, which offended a lot of people.

Jon: Well, it offended people and also was very highly political thing to say.

Tim: Imagine somebody doing something parallel to the White House in our day.

Jon: It's kind of more complicate it. It's like imagine...I don't know if it's useful or not, but like Rome ruled over Jerusalem. So it was kind of like it would be, let's imagine like North Korea takes over - comes over, and now they run the United States. But they're cool with us, and they like our culture and stuff, and they let us kind of keep doing things. So they let us have the White House. And they're like, "Hey, you can still have your president? You can do the White House thing?"

Tim: Puppet rulers.

Jon: So we still get to vote. Every four years we vote and stuff but it's really North Korea that's in charge. But that's how we still feel American. But we still get to do our primaries and the Iowa Caucuses will be coming up and we just don't feel like greatly American about it all.

But we're also really bitter because North Korea is taken away our gun rights and all these other things, and so they're getting really bummed. We're getting bummed as well. And then this guy running for president says, or he’s not even running for president.

Tim: No. He's an upstart from Wisconsin - rural Wisconsin.

Jon: He's from rural Wisconsin. The people are following him around and he's like—

Tim: He starts the movement saying, "The New America is here.'

Jon: "The New America is coming. Let's tear down the White House." You would get torn apart.

Tim: Yeah. "Why would you do that? That's the symbol of who we are. How ridiculous?" And then to actually make a big event of going to DC entering the White House and kind of messing it up like he owns the place.

Jon: He gets in he like graffiti in the front door and he's like, 'This place is a den of robbers."

Tim: Yeah, that's good. Thank you, Jon. That's helpful. It's a good mental experiment.

Jon: The thing is we don't have a spiritual sense of the White House. There's a spiritual sense of the temple. That's what God's presence is. We're just kind of like, "That's where the..." I mean, there is a sense of the authority of the state which is very mystical, but what authority?

Tim: And it's a symbol of identity and who we are. It symbolizes America, the dream, the story, the vision, and identity. Yeah, it's a good analogy.

Jon: Massive wrenches.

Tim: I often use the White House as a way to illustrate what Jesus was doing in Jerusalem. I've never made it this elaborate.

Jon: This elaborate.

Tim: But yes, that's the gravity of what Jesus was doing - was like that. But he's picking up on a theme, he's wasn't the first prophet to condemn the temple and its leaders and say, "God's done with this building," before Isaiah, Jeremiah Amos. And they were underdogs in their own day. Nobody listened to them. But they all said, "Because of Israel's hypocrisy God's done with this building."

Because you say where the nation, where the heaven and earth meets in our capital, but you don't live like it.

Jon: And so, he had the precedent for that. That's what's interesting thing about Jesus is he acts like a prophet, but then he also acts like the one fulfilling the prophets sometimes.

Tim: Yeah, as the King to which the prophets point.

Jon: All right, thanks for listening to the second part of this discussion on heaven and earth. We're going to wrap this up in the next episode, part 3. We're going to look at how Jesus's followers saw themselves collectively as God's temple carrying on Jesus's legacy. We're going to see how that all culminates in the revelation, this apocalyptic vision of heaven and earth coming back together and reuniting creation.

If you want to watch the video that we made, it is at youtube.com/ thebibleproject. It's called Heaven and Earth. It's five-minute animated overview of this topic. It's a great way to introduce people to these ideas.

There's a lot of other videos on our YouTube channel. We're really proud of them. Check them out, youtube.com/thebibleproject.

Also, say hi to us. We're on Facebook, facebook.com/jointhebible project, on Twitter, @JoinBibleProj. If you're really enjoying these conversations like I am, a way to help us is you can go on iTunes and you can write a review and you can also just share it with other people. All right, see you next time.

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